How Does Weight Affect Your Risk for Diseases
What is optimal weight versus too much weight?
Our bodies like balance, and that applies to weight and fat on our bodies. We need just the right amount—not too much, not too little. That’s why gaining weight can be a problem. Extra pounds can cause body fat to build up, which can cause a number of health problems.
Measuring your body mass index (BMI), which is a measurement of how much fat you have on your body, is often used to gauge whether you have a healthy weight and amount of fat. The Centers for Disease Control have helpful tools to help calculate your (BMI).
Your BMI will tell you if you are at an optimal weight (meaining you have a healthy balance of body fat), overweight, or even obese. Obesity generally refers to having too much extra fat on the body. While it is possible to be obese but not necessarily “overweight,” obesity is generally the result of excessive weight gain.
How does weight affect your risk for diseases?
Weight: Risk and Prevention - Like with many chronic health conditions, being overweight causes an imbalance in the way our body functions. It all starts with our adipose tissue, an organ that’s responsible for storing fatty acids and lipids (which we get from eating) and releasing them during times when we need the nutrients (such as during long periods of fasting).
When we gain weight and accumulate fat, certain nutrients build up in adipose fat cells and cause them to bloat. These bloated cells become resistant to insulin, a hormone that helps break down glucose, and trigger inflammation that can cause tissue damage.